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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 52-55

Gross hematuria in a child with tuberous sclerosis complex

Department of Paediatrics, Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Mairo Adamu Bugaje
Department of Paediatrics Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2384-5147.151572

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Tuberous sclerosis is an under diagnosed autosomal dominant neurocutaneous syndrome characterized by the presence of benign congenital tumors in multiple organs expression and a prevalence of 1/6,000-1/12000 newborns. There are varying degrees of renal involvement in tuberous sclerosis complex, which is usually bilateral and asymptomatic. We report a case of Tuberous sclerosis with left sided renal angiomyolipoma and bilateral multiple renal cysts in a 12-year-old boy, who presented with massive hematuria warranting blood transfusion and urosepsis. There was past medical history of repeated seizures. This case highlights the need for a high index of suspicion in a child with un-explained skin lesions, recurrent seizures, mental retardation and symptoms referable to the urinary system.

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