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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 10-13

Presbyopia among health workers in a tertiary hospital in north western Nigeria

1 Department of Ophthalmology, Federal Medical Centre, Federal Medical Centre, Birnin-Kebbi, Kebbi State, Nigeria
2 Department of School of Optical Dispensing Technology, Federal Medical Centre, Birnin-Kebbi, Kebbi State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Aliyu Hamza Balarabe
Department of Ophthalmology, Federal Medical Centre, P.M.B. 1126, Birnin-Kebbi, Kebbi State
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DOI: 10.4103/2384-5147.151566

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Objective: The aim was to determine the prevalence of presbyopia among workers at Federal Medical Centre (FMC) in Birnin-Kebbi, Nigeria. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional survey of 145 persons at FMC Birnin-Kebbi, Nigeria. Subjects were selected by random sampling technique from the two directorates of the hospital, clinical, and administrative. Visual acuity was measured with the Snellen's chart while persons with subnormal vision were examined using pinhole and correction if required. Near vision was tested at a distance of 40 cm with a near vision chart. Subjects not using correction were asked on their perceived barrier for not using correction. Results: The age range was from 35 to 57 years (mean age 44.7 years), including 65.5% males and 34.5% females. The prevalence of presbyopia was 42.1%. Spectacle coverage was 51.5% with 48.5% of persons needing correction not using correction. Lack of awareness and no felt need were the major barriers to non-use of the spectacles. Conclusions: Many of the cohorts remained uncorrected despite their presbyopic errors. There is a need to create more awareness among health workers about presbyopia and its correction. Ensuring adequate treatment of presbyopia among health workers can impact positively on the quality of life and productivity of health personnel.

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