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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 145-147

Stature estimation using regression equations from hand dimensions among hausa neonates of kano state, Nigeria

1 Department of Anatomy, College of Health Sciences, Bayero University Kano, Kano, Nigeria
2 Department of Human Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
3 Department of Anatomy, College of Health Sciences, Usmanu Danfodio University Sokoto, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
M H Modibbo
P O. BOX 13793, Kano State
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2384-5147.138946

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Introduction: Stature (ST) (or height) of an individual is useful information for making forensic identifications. Before estimating ST, one must determine the race, sex, and age of the individual as ST varies with these variables. Most ST estimation has been reported on adults, but there is a paucity of data in the subadult group. Objectives: Firstly, the study aimed at finding the relationship (correlation) between ST and hand dimensions (hand length [HL] and hand breadth [HB]). Secondly, is to form linear regression equations that can be used to estimate ST among the Hausa neonates. Materials and Methods: A total of 549 Hausa neonates (0-28 days) were involved in the study. HL was measured from the mid-point of the distal wrist crease, to the tip of the middle finger, while HB was measured from the head of the fifth to the head of second-metacarpal bone. ST was also measured as the projective distance between the highest point on the head (vertex), and the most posterior projecting point of the heel. Results: A significant positive correlation was found between ST and hand dimensions. Regression equations were formed for each of the measured parameters for both sexes. Conclusions: The result showed that hand dimensions can be used to estimate ST in Hausa neonates of Kano State, Nigeria.

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