Sub-Saharan African Journal of Medicine

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2016  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 171--175

Endometrial hyperplasia: A-2 decade retrospective analysis of histopathological pattern at a university teaching hospital in Northern Nigeria


Idris U Takai1, Mohammed Bukar2, Ahmed A Mayun3, Emmanuel A Ugwa4, Bala M Audu2, Aisha Abdurrahman1 
1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Bayero University/Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Kano State, Nigeria
2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria
3 Department of Histopathology, University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria
4 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Federal Medical Centre, Birnin Kudu, Jigawa State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Idris U Takai
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Bayero University Kano/Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano PMB 3452, Kano State
Nigeria

Background: Endometrial hyperplasia (EH) produces a continuum of lesions that may be a precursor to the development of endometrial cancer, but the risk of which depends on the type of hyperplasia. Objective: To determine the prevalence and histopathological pattern of EH at the University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital (UMTH), Maiduguri. Materials and Methods: This was a 20-year retrospective review of all endometrial biopsies of patients diagnosed with EH in the histopathology department of the UMTH, Maiduguri, from January 1989 to December 2008 inclusive. Results: A total of 862 endometrial biopsies were reviewed during the study period. Out of this, 541 biopsies were EH, giving a proportion of 62.3%. The age ranged from 10 to 79 years with a mean of 32.5 ± SD 10.4 years. Most of the patients (79.7%) were in their 3rd decade. The results showed that simple EH was the leading histopathological type accounting for 83.2% (450/541) of the cases. Complex EH was responsible for 14.8% (80/541) of cases, while atypical EH was found in only 11/541 (2.0%). Conclusion: This study has shown that EH is very common among reproductive age women exposing them to high risk of endometrial cancers; therefore, close follow-up and definitive management are highly recommended.


How to cite this article:
Takai IU, Bukar M, Mayun AA, Ugwa EA, Audu BM, Abdurrahman A. Endometrial hyperplasia: A-2 decade retrospective analysis of histopathological pattern at a university teaching hospital in Northern Nigeria.Sub-Saharan Afr J Med 2016;3:171-175


How to cite this URL:
Takai IU, Bukar M, Mayun AA, Ugwa EA, Audu BM, Abdurrahman A. Endometrial hyperplasia: A-2 decade retrospective analysis of histopathological pattern at a university teaching hospital in Northern Nigeria. Sub-Saharan Afr J Med [serial online] 2016 [cited 2017 Dec 14 ];3:171-175
Available from: http://www.ssajm.org/article.asp?issn=2384-5147;year=2016;volume=3;issue=4;spage=171;epage=175;aulast=Takai;type=0