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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 79-83

Colour doppler application in vascular diseases as seen in Benin City, Nigeria


1 Department of Surgery, Division of Cardiothoracic, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Nigeria
2 Department of Radiology, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Stanley Ukadike Okugbo
Department of Surgery, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, PMB 1111, Benin City
Nigeria
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DOI: 10.4103/2384-5147.184354

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Background: Doppler ultrasound scan (DUS) is not a new investigative tool but has however been relatively absent in our resource-poor setting. In its deployment, it requires both expensive equipment and trained personnel; both of which are somewhat lacking in our resource-poor setting. Aims: This is a retrospective study undertaken to audit the first set of patients who had DUS at a private facility in Benin City. A retrospective review of indications versus eventual diagnosis in 173 patients was seen from April 2009 to August 2013. Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective study from April 2009 to August 2013 undertaken to audit the first set of patients who had DUS at a private institution in Benin City. The medical notes and referral forms clinic data of patients seen from April 2009 to August 2013 were collated. Results: In the period under review, 173 patients were scanned. The mean age of the patients was 51.2 ± 20 years (range of 2 months to 94 years). The main indications were deep venous thrombosis (DVT) in 60 (35.5%) patients and peripheral arterial disease in 55 (31.8%). There was a bimodal age distribution at 20-30 and 55-70 years, and the younger age group had a preponderance of trauma with DVT and aneurysms while the older had arteriosclerosis and DVT. The lower limb was the part of the body scanned most frequently scanned (79.4%). Conclusion: DUS is a useful tool for timely evaluation of vascular lesions. Despite the siting of sonographic equipment outside a hospital setting, patients are able to access it to provide useful addition to their management.


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