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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 117-122

Factors which predict violence victimization in Kenya

Sociology and Medicine Research Units, Athens Institute for Education and Research, Athens, Greece

Correspondence Address:
Lincoln Jacob Fry
974 SW General Patton Terrace, Port St. Lucie, Florida 354953, USA

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DOI: 10.4103/2384-5147.164419

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Aims: The purpose of this paper is to identify the factors that predict interpersonal violence at the personal level in Kenya. Another aim is to interpret the implications of the study for violence prevention programs. Setting and design: Study is set in Kenya and is based on the responses of 2,399 collected in 2012. Methods and materials: The study's dependent variable is reported violence victimization. Results: The logistical regression analysis identified seven factors that predicted violence victimization. These included being the victim of a property crime, payment of bribes to the police, fear of crime in the neighborhood, poverty, whether there was a police station in the neighborhood, whether the police were visible in the area, and the respondent's trust in the neighbors. The surprising finding was that 72 percent of the violence victims were also property crime victims. Conclusion: The findings imply that target hardening should be the basis used to implement violence prevention programs in Kenya. It appears that crime prevention efforts 5 should begin with law enforcement personnel when they respond to reported crime, property or violent offenses. These findings suggest that there is an ongoing need to protect victims from re-victimization by preparing them to protect both their premises and their persons in the future.

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